What happens during the postindustrial stage of a demographic transition quizlet?

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Terms in this set (18)

What is the sequence of steps in the demographic transition model?

Pre-industrial stage, transitional stage, industrial age, post-industrial stage

When did the human population reach 1 billion?

1,800's

Number of males compared to females in a population is called what?

Sex ratio

What is a populations total fertility?

Average number of children a female has during her lifetime

What event in the 1700's changed human population growth?

Industrial revolution

What step of the demographic transition is characterized by conditions that have defined most of human history?

Post-industrial stage

What can be inferred about an area that has an age structure with a "barrel" shape (thicker in the middle and narrower on the top and bottom)?

Age structure is balanced

What has happened to the human population in recent years?

Growth rate has slowed

What does the replacement fertility depend on the most?

Death rates

What combination of factors will produce the highest rate of population growth?

Poverty, wealth, education

The average number of years an individual is predicted to live is called?

Life expectancy

What can be inferred about an area that has an age structure diagram with a pyramid shape?

More young people than old and high population growth

The amount of people living in a given area is described as population what?

Population density

The model used to explain the reason that some industrialized nations have experienced a large change in birthrates and death rates is called what?

Demographic transition model

What factors help increase total fertility rates?

Having more children

The richest one fifth of the world's people use what percentage of the world's resources?

86%

What happens during the transitional stage of the demographic transition?

Death rates decline and birthrates remain high

Which stage of the demographic transition has the highest level of population growth?

Pre-industrial stage

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What happens during the postindustrial stage of a demographic transition?

In the post-industrial stage, the population growth begins to level off because the crude birth rates have reduced to closely follow the crude death rates. In essence, the demographic transition model argues for economic development to help reduce crude death rates.

What happens during the postindustrial stage 4 of a demographic transition quizlet?

The fourth and final stage of the demographic transition model, in which both birth and death rates have fallen to a low level and remain stable there, and populations may even decline slightly. Compare industrial stage; pre-industrial stage; transition stage.

What is a post demographic transition?

Stage 4: Post-transition. Post-transitional societies are characterised by low birth and low death rates. Population growth is negligible, or even enters a decline.

What happens during the transitional stage of demographic transition quizlet?

Death rates drop and birth rates remain high, so the population grows rapidly. The birt rate drops and eventually approaches the death rate as industrialization, medical advances, and modernization become widespread.

What happens during a pre

stage 1: preindustrial. Population grows very slowly because of a very high birth rate and a very high death rate. A population will first grow to exceed the carrying capacity of its environment (this is called the overshoot phase).

What happens to the birth rate in a postindustrial society?

Fertility rates in many postindustrial societies are now below 1.5 children per woman. At the same time, the majority of young adults throughout the postindustrial world say that a family with two children is ideal. Many young adults say they would like to have two children, but expect to have fewer.