In what meeting are the proposed incident strategies and tactics developed by the operations section?
Welcome to Lesson 2, ICS Forms and the Planning "P". At the conclusion of this lesson, you will be able to:
Notice to all NIMS ICS All-Hazards Position-Specific and IS-201 ICS Forms Class Students:
The Planning Cycle, or "Planning ‘P’" as it’s generally referred to, establishes a continuum for Incident Action Planning (IAP) during both emergency and non-emergency operations. The Planning "P" as defined in the Planning "P" video is an integral tool for the NIMS ICS All-Hazards Position-Specific coursework. The Planning "P" used in that coursework and video is a slight modification of the Planning "P" identified in NIMS, which is used in this course.
The timing of the Command and General Staff meeting, as noted on the Planning "P", accounts for the difference in the planning cycles. NIMS places this meeting between the Incident Command/Unified Command Develop/Update Objectives Meeting and the Preparing for the Tactics Meeting. The Planning "P" used in the previously mentioned coursework and the video recognizes the flexibility of the Command and General Staff meeting, and relies on the needs of the incident to determine the timing for the meeting.
Lesson Introduction (continued)
The Incident Action Plan (IAP):
Planning Process Overview
Sound, timely planning provides the foundation for effective incident management. The planning process represents a template for strategic, operational, and tactical planning that includes all steps that an Incident Command/Unified Command (IC/UC) and other members of the Command and General Staff should take to develop and disseminate an IAP.
The planning process may begin with the:
The process continues with the implementation of the formalized steps and the staffing required for the development of a written IAP.
Planning Process: Five Primary Phases
The five primary phases should be followed in sequence to ensure a comprehensive IAP. These phases are designed to enable the accomplishment of incident objectives within a specified time.
The primary phases of the planning process are essentially the same for the IC who develops the initial plan, for the IC and Operations Section Chief revising the initial plan for extended operations, and for the Incident Management Team (IMT) developing a formal IAP.
The five primary phases are:
1. Analyze the Situation, Including Future Developments
The first phase includes gathering, recording, analyzing, and displaying situation, resource, and incident-potential information in a manner that will facilitate:
This phase is the vertical leg of the Planning “P”.
2. Establish Incident Objectives and Strategy
The second phase includes formulating and prioritizing SMART incident objectives and identifying appropriate strategies to meet incident challenges (ICS-215 and ICS-215A).
SMART objectives are:
Within the Planning “P”, this is the phase when the IC/UC develop the initial incident objectives or revise the incident objectives for the next operational period.
3. Develop the Plan
The third phase involves determining the tactical direction and the specific resources, reserves, and support requirements for implementing the selected strategies and tactics for the operational period (ICS-215, ICS-215A, ICS-202, ICS-203, ICS-204, ICS-205, ICS-206).
This phase in the Planning “P” includes a meeting of the Command and General Staff, with each position making a determination as to what they forecast, how they prioritize their resource needs, and how they will achieve specific objectives. This is the preparation for the Planning Meeting to finalize the IAP.
4. Prepare and Disseminate the Plan
The fourth phase involves preparing the plan to include the detail that is appropriate for the level of complexity of the incident.
Within the Planning “P”, this step includes:
5. Execute, Evaluate, and Revise the Plan
The planning process includes the expectation to execute and evaluate planned activities and check the accuracy of information to be used in planning for subsequent operational periods. The General Staff should regularly compare planned progress with actual progress during the operational period.
Within the Planning “P”, this phase of the planning process is the lower right corner and bottom half, which now completes the Planning “P” and the operational period in which it was used.